"If the house dates from the 18th century, then only some of its framing members are of that age. It is just as likely the building started out as a single story dwelling with an integral shed constructed sometime in the late 18th or early 19th century."
Early Domestic Architecture in Beaufort, North Carolina - Summer Field Study 2011 - College of William and Mary & Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Dept. of Architectural and Archaeological Research (Jeff Klee and Carl Lounsbury). Images are Field Study drawings and photographs (click images to enlarge).
The house sits on brick piers. The spaces in between were later filled in with brickwork. The window frames have an unmolded architrave and cap. The outer door, on the west end of the south facade has reproduction hinges, but the inner door is board-and-batten and seems to be early, if not original. Of the two chimneys, one is now centrally located, but had been an exterior chimney located on the west gable end of the original house before the western addition was made. The other is on the west end of the addition. Both have been substantially rebuilt. If the house dates from the 18th century, then only some of its framing members are of that age. It is just as likely the building started out as a single story dwelling with an integral shed constructed sometime in the late 18th or early 19th century.
The first period of building (the eastern section) encompasses the passage, a large heated room, and unheated shed rooms. However, the passage partition appears to be a later addition. Throughout the Period I structure, there are Roman moldings on the architraves and the surbase. The chairboard with molded cap extends through the partition and under the stair, indicating that the space was originally one large room. The cavetto and astragal backband on the single architraves of the stair partition doorway, front windows, and doorway to the rear shed rooms are the type commonly found in Beaufort, which date to the first quarter of the 19th century. The fact that the molding is found on the inserted stair passage partition suggests that the house was substantially upgraded at that time. There are three board and batten doors in this section that seem to be original to the structure. The door from the main room into the shed and the door between the original two shed rooms have early strap hinges.
As noted earlier, a fifteen foot addition was made to the west end of the house. This consisted of a large room and a small unheated rear room under a shed roof. There is a small step down into the shed room. The back of the Period I chimney extends into the Period II room and has been plastered over.
The stair was added or replaced an earlier stair. The floors have been replaced so there are no ghost marks to indicate a location of the original staircase. The present stair is an open tread stair until it winds back to get to the attic. It has an oval handrail supported by square balusters typical of the first quarter of the 19th century.
The attic framing indicates that the original east section of the house was raised to 1 ½ stories in the late 19th or early 20h century. There are many circular-sawn rafters that have been inserted and much of the sheathing of the knee walls is comprised of similarly sawn materials. Many older rafters were reused and awkwardly joined to new ones at their apex. There are mature cut nails in trapped weatherboard on the west gable of the original section. The present integrated front porch was fabricated at that time.
House and Family History
In 1729, William Owins and Thomas Bedford purchased Lot 28 New Town. 77 years later, the next known owner, Thomas Duncan, purchased the lot from commissioners in 1806.
20th-century owners included authors/historians Miss Amy Bradley Muse, and Jean and Copeland Kell.
Kathryn and David Cloud purchased the house in the early 1970s. As preservation enthusiasts, it was important that the cottage maintained the look and feel of "colonial Beaufort." When Miss Delight Thomas’ home, known then as the Cramer House at 401 Ann Street, was moved to the restoration grounds in 1977, Kathryn Cloud rescued the wood that had been added when the 1796 Courthouse was converted to a residence; the old lumber was used to construct cabinets in the Owins-Bedford kitchen.