William Luther Paul (1869-1946)

Inventor and entrepreneur William Luther Paul was born in Davis Shore, Carteret County, to Raymond Luther Paul and Frances D. "Fannie" Styron. In 1894, William Luther married Emeline "Lina" Willis (1874-1943), daughter of Frances Watson and Simeon Willis of Smyrna, Carteret County.


James Davis Table circa 1840

Master carpenter, brick mason and cabinetmaker, James Davis, built this table about 1840 in the raised basement cabinet shop of his house on Moore Street, known today as the James Davis House circa 1829. Passed down through the Davis, Potter, Chadwick, Shaw and Gray families, the table is now cherished by a descendant in Texas.

James Davis (1780-1861) was born in Core
Creek, Carteret County - the Quaker colony on the Newport River, north of Beaufort. He was the eldest son of Joseph Wicker Davis Jr. and Susanna Stanton, who were married in Carteret County in 1776. In 1803 James married Elizabeth Adams (1783-1868), daughter of Nathan Adams and Mary Canaday, who were farmers in Core Creek.

James and Elizabeth's daughter Elizabeth Harris Davis married William Jackson Potter (Ann Street Inn). Their daughter Mary Elizabeth Potter married Robert Withers Chadwick (Chadwick House on Ann). Daughter Mary Caroline Chadwick married William Wallace Shaw.Becoming a skilled cabinetmaker, carpenter and builder, Mr. Davis often referred to himself as an “ar-chÄ“-tech.” One of Davis’ early structures was Beaufort’s first “Market House,” built in 1812. He left his mark on lots all over town—many well-constructed homes that have weathered close to 200 years of coastal storms. He was also a brick mason at during the building of Fort Macon (1826-1834).
Of the houses built by Davis, the most well known are the 1815 Duncan House, the James Davis House circa 1817, the Hatsell House circa 1827, the James Davis House circa 1829 and the Wm. J. Potter House circa 1832.

1913 Visit to Beaufort and Bogue Banks

In a 1913 article in the Potsdam Courier, NY, Martin V.B. Ives described his visit to the Beaufort Life Saving Station, Bogue Island and the turtle hatchery in Beaufort; he also described the wild horses. Irving Bacheller was mentioned in the article; about 1909-10, journalist Bacheller, who founded the first modern newspaper syndicate in the US, owned the Blare House circa 1779, at 111 Marsh Street in Beaufort, later home to Nathaniel Hancock Russell, engineer on the first train to Beaufort. This article is transcribed as written. Old postcards and photographs were added to this post and not part of the article:

...we visited the Beaufort life saving station with deep interest and were cordially received and entertained by the Captain in charge. He related to us many of his life saving experiences which were exceedingly thrilling to say the least. By referring to his log book the Captain informed us that his crew had saved the lives of 200 sailors and from other sources we learned that the bronzed old Captain himself held the honorable record of personally and alone at a wreck off Hatteras (his crew having refused to take the risk) having saved the lives of seven men. We could not help saying “God bless the men of the life saving stations.The next day breaking fair, Capt. Palmer informed us that it would be a good day for us to visit Beaufort Fish Hatchery and the old fellow was as much if not more interested in the act that we were, for he could see at least one dollar for five minutes work taking us across in his sail boat to the small island on which the hatchery was located. However we were not sorry we went and felt well repaid for the visit. As its name would suggest we expected to see small sized fish of all grades, but nothing of the kind, as this particular hatchery was devoted to the propagation of shell fish only, but we were informed that class of fish culture was very popular and that students came from all over the United States to study shell fish culture.

But there other attractions on that island that outclassed the fish hatchery for us far and away for in a station annex was situated one of the greatest wonders of the present age, namely Marconi’s wireless telegraphing. We were invited to inspect it by its scientific and gentlemanly operator, which we did with great pleasure and satisfaction. The noisy machine used for recording and sending the message was much the same as is used in any telegraph office only larger, but the machine that in some way transmits by an electric flashlight its signals hundreds of miles out to sea, performs an act far beyond an ordinary mind to comprehend. The operator, to exemplify, kindly sent a message and received a reply while we waited, thereby giving us the full view of the electric flashes in its transmittal and receipt. The operator also informed us that he had that morning received message from a wrecked vessel some four-hundred miles at sea, asking for immediate aid by the usual sign of S.O.S., which means “Save oh Save,” and that he had dispatched a revenue cutter to aid them. We came away fully satisfied that there were at least two institutions that were truly altruistic in character, the life saving station and Marconi wireless telegraphy.

We were about to leave the island when Capt. Palmer informed us that there was still another annex connected with the fish hatchery plant that we must see. On inquiring of the Captain what his additional show was he informed us that the building was used for the hatching and raising of what he called “allegories and these doggone snapping turtles.” We inquired what sort of a fish an allegory was and he informed us that it was as he reckoned some sort of half fish and half snake grown in the swamps of Florida. However we found the exhibition in the annex very interesting. We were informed by the man who was in charge that his alligator pens were out of commission just at present, but showed us bushels of “them there snapping turtles” of all sizes from a ten cent piece to a silver dollar, of the so-called diamond back terrapin variety, which are used when they reach a proper commercial size for making soups in the first hotels and restaurants in the large cities. We made up our minds however that we would not take soup on our plate if it by chance had any of the flavor of that prison pen for mud turtles.

One of the stocks in trade, in fact an important asset of Beaufort, is its so-called Beach Ponies, consisting of about 25 or 30 small ponies about one size larger than the Shetland brand, that are essentially as wild as any wild horse. They have pre-empted and practically own a small island situated about one mile out in front of the city and live there the whole year around and can be seen any hours during the day either quietly feeding or running and racing up and down the beach in plain sight of the people of the city of Beaufort. Their capers offer a continuous show especially to all the people who visit the city. These strange animals are not overlooked but usually receive some mention in all communications describing that watering place.

Extending from Bogue sound inlet nearly or quite to Beaufort inlet, a distance of about 25 miles, is located a long strip of land, Bogue Island. It is densely covered with large tree growth, mainly yellow pine, but due to its location and from the fact that its east or sea shore is washed by the warm gulf stream which brings a warm current of air, its climate is subtropical and compares favorably with the Indian river section of Florida. In fact shrubs and trees such as palms or palmettos, rubber trees, and also native orange trees are found growing among the pines, making the island a veritable jungle except in places where it has been cleared and cultivated. One would scarcely believe it but as a matter of fact the average temperature of the island is at least ten degrees warmer than the main land on the west.
The island is about one mile in width and contains about 10,000 acres of land. Several years ago a gentleman hailing from the state of Maine, for the benefit of his health, visited Beaufort mainly for rest and refreshment, but after spending a few months there and hearing that the island could be purchased, being a man of ample means he purchased the whole tract, neck and crop, and today if the writer is any judge he owns a paradise. He has already built himself a bungalow winter home on the island without cutting away any more of its trees and native shrubbery than was strictly necessary. The outlook and surroundings of his charming camp are far beyond my pen to adequately describe. His house or bungalow is plain, not very expensive but regal in its equipment and furnishings; perhaps not so costly but yet it will compare favorably with the palatial bungalows of Palm Beach, Fla.

Having been given a letter of introduction to the gentleman, Mr. John Royal, by my friend Dr. Irving Bacheller, who became acquainted with Mr. Royal during the two winters Dr. Bacheller sojourned at Beaufort for his health. Mrs. Ives and myself were promptly invited to spend a day with the Royals at their home on the island some eight miles seaward from Beaufort. In fact they sent their motor launch over to the city for us.  

We were met at their dock and escorted up to their camp by the whole family of Royals and were royally treated while there, and while Mrs. Ives visited with the ladies and talked about Christian Science, Capt. Royal and I talked business. After an elaborate luncheon had been negotiated we were invited to take a walk across the island to the sea shore, which we eagerly accepted. All went with not a single woman left behind, on foot of course. Mr. Royal had caused to be cut out and cleared up foot trails for miles around his camp, one of which was kite shaped in form, over to the beach one mile, up the beach one mile and back to camp one mile. We made it, ladies and men, apparently as easily as walking around the square via Town Hall at Potsdam, very likely stimulated by the glorious ocean breeze which has an exhilarating effect similar to a dose of champagne. 

The writer remarked that a walk of that distance up north would be considered something of a task, and the Royal ladies replied that that was nothing, that they made it every day and sometimes twice a day, which we had no reason to doubt, for their tanned complexions and vigor proved it and doubtless will add ten years to their lives. 

But when we had arrived and climbed the great sand dunes, like breastworks guarding the seashore, and looked out onto old ocean’s broad expanse as far as the eye could reach in either direction, and viewed its hard white shell-covered and wave-washed sand beach, and had braced up and breathed in old ocean’s nectar of the Gods in great doses, I am prepared to say that as a lover of nature and woodman, I have never seen a more heart-lifting, getting-next-to-nature, making a man open his lungs to drink in deep draughts of health-giving ozone with the flavor of the pine, and “thank-God I was alive” place than the ocean beach opposite Mr. Royal’s place on Bogue Island.

Our return trip to Washington was over another route than our advent to wit, over the Norfolk and Southern Railway to Norfolk, thence to Washington via steamboat. We very much enjoyed this trip but time and place will not admit of a description. We desire to add however that we can recommend the trip as on of the most pleasing one on this continent.

                                                                                                                              Martin V.B. Ives

131 Craven and the Snowden Family


The house would be more accurately plaqued the "Dill-Snowden House," for builder Joseph P. Dill, who lived here for two years, and for the Snowden residents who called this home for about 60 years.

The 1997 Ruth Little Survey of Beaufort described the house: 2½ -story Gothic Revival with steep pointed front gable; side gables treated with imbricated siding and 2/2 sash. House has plain siding, side bay window and ornate porch with chamfered posts and brackets. This is a rare example of this style in Beaufort.

In May 1893, mariner Joseph P. Dill (1846-1895) purchased this lot from Mary and Henrietta Roberson. Three years earlier, Joseph, son of Samuel Leffers Dill and Elizabeth Ann Roberson, married Jennie McRacken in Smithville, NC; they had one child, Sophia. Joseph died in 1895. Widow Jennie married widower Benjamin J. Bell in 1906 and lived at 306 Ann Street. In 1919, Jennie and daughter Sophia Dill Merwin sold this house to Macon and Helon Snowden.

Macon St. Clair Snowden Sr. (1879-1935) was born in Currituck, NC to Walter D. Snowden and Caroline Brabble. In 1909, 30-year-old Macon eloped with 18-year-old Helon Palmer McPherson (1891-1982); they were married at a hotel in Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County, NC. The couple first lived with the McPherson family in Portsmouth, Virginia, where Macon captained a steam boat. By 1911 they were in Wildwood, Carteret County, when son Ernest Maynard Snowden was born.

Originally captain of a merchant ship, Macon owned and operated a hog and sweet potato farm in rural Beaufort. The 1930 Beaufort census found Macon Snowden Sr. 51, Helon 39 and 6-year-old Macon Jr. After Macon died from a heart attack in 1935, at 56, he left 44-year-old widow Helon and 11-year-old Macon Jr; son Ernest had already graduated from the US Naval Academy. 

Ernest M. Snowden
Helon worked hard and saved every dime. She made ends meet by doing dress-shop alternations and renting the upstairs; she installed the 2nd front door and blocked off the stairway for access. Helon continued to run the farm and ship sweet potatoes by train, documented in newspaper articles as the first North Carolina woman to ship farm goods. 

Sons, Admiral Ernest Maynard "Ernie" Snowden (1911-1975) and Captain Macon St. Clair "Mac" Snowden II (1923-1995), were both Navy pilots, graduates of the US Naval Academy.

Ernest Mayard Snowden was born in 1911 in Wildwood, Carteret County, just west of Morehead City. He was 8 years old when the family purchased the Craven Street house. He attended Beaufort High School and graduated from the Naval Academy in 1932. Admiral Ernest Snowden married Lois Arnold, the daughter of Five-Star General "Hap" Arnold. "Ernie" Snowden retired as a US Navy Rear Admiral. He received numerous awards for his service during WWII, including the Navy Cross, Silver Star, Legion of Merit and Distinguished Flying Cross.

Capt. Macon Snowden
Capt. Macon St. Clair "Mac" Snowden (1923-1995) was born in the south corner second-floor bedroom of the Craven Street house. He graduated from Beaufort High School. At 18, "Mac" was unemployed and living at 131 Craven with his mother when he registered for the draft in 1941. He followed in his brother's footsteps, becoming a member of the US Naval Academy Class of 1946. Macon married Velvie Evelyn Grass (1922-1992). Designated a naval aviator in 1948, Capt. Macon served Commanding Officer of Fighter Squadron 91, embarked on USS Ranger - the squadron won the Naval Air Force, Pacific Fleet Battle Efficiency Award. He was a graduate of the US Naval Pilot School, the Armed Forces Staff College, the Industrial College of the Armed Forces and received a Master of Science Degree from George Washington University. He held the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Navy Commendation Medal. From 1971-72 he was commander of USS Guadacanal and afterwards assumed duty as head of Aviation Plans Branch in the Office of Chief Naval Operations. Capt.Snowden was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

About 1952
This was home to Helon Snowden for about 60 years. Sadly, in her 80s she suffered from dementia. In her later years, neighbors observed 6'5" Helon daily "raking" the Ann Street Methodist Church parking lot across the street. She was also seen on the rooftop of the house doing repairs. Eventually, her tenants took advantage of her, not paying rent, coming into her home to make long distant phone calls, while also taking many of her antiques. Helon was finally placed in a nursing home in northern Virginia. She was buried in Ocean View Cemetery, Beaufort, next to husband Macon St. Clair Snowden.

Helon and Macon Snowden in the back yard of the Craven Street house

Blare House circa 1779

111 Marsh Street - Home to Nancy Duffy Russell (1933-2003) 
Images (circa 1980) scanned from  
The Old Port Town - Beaufort, North Carolina by Jean Bruyere Kell
     In 1779, Frances Blare sold the original 4-room house to John Shepard for "a cow and a calf." (Kell) John Shepard, born about 1753 in Carteret County to Jacob Shepard and Sarah Lewis, married Miriam Wallace on June 29, 1771; their son William was born in Beaufort in 1779.
     Charles Abernathy lived here from about 1890 until 1905 and mostly likely remodeled the house, probably reorienting it to Marsh Street. He moved to Beaufort where he founded the Beaufort Herald newspaper. He practiced law in Beaufort and was also solicitor for the 3rd judicial district. (Wrenn) Charles Laban Abernathy (1872-1955) married Nancy "Minnie" May in 1896.
     The house was owned by journalist and writer Irving Addison Bacheller (1859-1950), who founded the first modern newspaper syndicate in the United States. Sowing of the Two Fields, in Wesleyan Literary Monthly in 1910, was documented, by copyright, as written in Beaufort. In a 1913 article in the Potsdam Courier, NY, Martin V.B. Ives wrote, “Having been given a letter of introduction to the gentleman, Mr. John Royal by my friend Dr. Irving Bacheller, who became acquainted with Mr. Royal during the two winters Dr. Bacheller sojourned at Beaufort for his health…
     Noted on Front Street with his widowed sister Sallie Broadhurst in 1910, Nathaniel Hancock Russell (1875–1951) owned the Marsh Street house by 1920. Born in Hubert, Onslow County to Daniel Ward Russell (1827-1886) and Margaret Ann Duffy (1835-1908), 31-year-old Nathaniel Russell was engineer on the first passenger train to Beaufort in 1906.    
     On June 1, 1916, Nathaniel Russell married Maude Littleton Frazier (1889-1929) in
Loudoun County, Virginia. They were parents of Susan E. Russell, born about 1918, and Thomas Hancock Russell, born in 1920. Maude Russell died from pneumonia in 1929. About 1932, Mr. Russell married Cora Lorena Cutler (1898-1991) of Long Acre, Beaufort County; they became parents of Nancy Duffy Russell. In the house in 1940 were Nathaniel 65, Cora 42, Thomas 19, Susan 17, Nancy D. 6 and lodger-barber Henry Russ.
     Nancy Duffy Russell (1933-2003) spent her lifetime in the house, leaving only to attend St. Mary’s and Salem College. She taught music at Havelock High School for over 38 years, played the organ and was Altar Guild Chairman at St. Paul's Episcopal Church and was organist for Ann Street Methodist Church and St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in Morehead City. She was also regent for the Daughters of the American Revolution and obtained funding from the state for the documentation of Beaufort’s African-American community, which resulted in Beaufort's African-American History and Architecture by Peter B. Sandbeck. As an integral part of Beaufort's early preservation movement and town commissioner, Miss Russell was instrumental in obtaining funding for development of guidelines used by the Historic Preservation Commission, which she chaired for 10 years.
     As a tireless researcher and historian, Nancy’s dream was to have her weekly “Beaufort Scrapbook” articles (Beaufort Gam) published in book form. After her death, the Nancy Duffy Russell Preservation Trust and the North Carolina Maritime Museum made Beaufort Scrapbook a reality.
     1997 Survey: 1½-story, side-gable house with plain siding, remodeled in the Queen Anne-Steamboat Gothic style with large polygonal turret, side hipped dormer, bracketed eaves, 4/1 traceried sash and engaged porch with Craftsman posts. Interior features exposed rafters, original paneled ceiling and wainscot, and elaborate Victorian-era mantle. A spindle frieze supported on fluted columns separates the living room and stair hall. The house appears on Gray's 1880 map, oriented facing the water.

Charles Randolph Thomas - 1861 Run for CSA District Congressman

Library of Congress Collectlion
Charles Randolph Thomas was born about 1827 to Marcus Cicero Thomas (1801-1853) and Elizabeth King Duncan (1808-1887), who were married on September 10, 1825. 

Charles became an attorney and married Emily Pitkin on April 29, 1852; performed by John Rumley, minister of the gospel, witness John C. Manson. 

Charles and Emily had nine sons.

1861 Proclaimation by President Lincoln regarding Port Beaufort

(1861 Proclamation evidently not recorded until 1865)
Library of Congress Collection

1864 Rules for Regulating the Beaufort Market

Library of Congress

Colonel Thompson House

603 Front Street – Beaufort NC
Historic American Buildings Survey
Library of Congress

This house was located where the Inlet Inn stands today.

1829 Jail

Old Beaufort Jail – Originally on Courthouse Square on Cedar Street
Historic American Buildings Survey 
Architectural Drawings by William J. Patrick – 1967
School of Design – NC State
Library of Congress

Built by Elijah Whitehurst circa 1829. The jail remained in use until 1954, when a new jail was constructed. The building served as a museum on site until it was moved to the Beaufort Historic Site in 1977.


Contemporary Photograph
Beaufort Restoration Grounds

C.G. Gaskill - "Orville G," Gaskill's Hardware and Ann Street house

Mail-boat vessel Orville G was built by C.G. Gaskill and named for his son, born in 1910. The vessel carried freight and passengers from down east Carteret County to Beaufort until sold and put into service as a mail carrier.

One of the murals in the Beaufort Post Office, by Russian-born artist Simka Simkhovitch, depicts Orville G, the supply and mail boat on its way to nearby Cape Lookout Lighthouse.

Born in Straits to Stephen A. Gaskill and Lydia Ann "Lillie" Whitehurst, Carl Graham Gaskill (1885-1968) began C.G. Gaskill Company on Front Street about 1905. On June 24, 1908, he married Annie Warren Chadwick.

In 1936, R.B. Wheatly sold the circa 1920 house at 709 Ann Street to C.G. Gaskill. The 1940 census noted Carl as a "feed and fertilizer dealer." In the home at the time were Carl 54, wife "Annie" 55, son Orville G. 30, book keeper at "feed and fertilizer house" and daughter-in-law Cleo 27.  In 1948, Carl was a North Carolina delegate to the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia. The Gaskill family  lived in the Ann Street house from 1936 until Carl's death in 1968.

Gaskill's Hardware, located at 900 Live Oak Street for decades, closed in February 2013; the building is now home to "Lennoxberry Commons" and "Hannah's Haus Tavern."

David Sabiston 1750-1811

Capt. David Sabiston House circa 1782 - 124 Ann Street
Portion of an 1857 Chart of Beaufort Harbor showing the islands
 and marshes off the west end of town in the early part of 19th century
David Sabiston is believed to be the first to bear the surname in Carteret County. On March 25, 1775, David married Nancy Piner, daughter of Joab Piner. They had five children: William married Love Dudley in 1799; David Simon married Nancy Piver in 1813; Robert married Rebecca Adams in 1806; John married Nancy Taylor 1812 and Sarah Owens in 1830; Ann married Peter M. Noe in 1827.
On July 4, 1811, Capt. David Sabiston was bludgeoned to death with an oar, in the presence of Sabiston's slave Sal, who testified at the trial. The brutal murder was committed by slave Jerry, property of Mary Marshall, widow of Dr. John Marshall, near what was then known as Gabriel's Island, most likely a small island off the west end of Ann Street. Being found guilty at trial, the murderer was hanged at the Beaufort Court House on September 13, 1811.

An excerpt from the court minutes as transcribed by Rebecca W. Sanders in Early Carteret Court Minutes, "The State vs Negro Jerry, Property of Mary Marshall. John Marshall, Executor of John Marshall decd. - Indictment of Murder on the Body of David Sabiston. Justices present of this trial were - Jacob Henry, Josiah Davis, John Roberts, Nathaniel Pinkham, Buckner Hill, Edmund Daily, David Wallace, and Richard Whitehurst. Jury impaneled and sworn were - James Johnson, David Russell Sr., Thomas Reese, Gilbert Rumley, William Temple, David Bell, James Chadwick, William Fisher Sr., Newel Bell Sr., Josiah Bell, and Soloman Ward. Find the Defendant guilty. The sentence and judgement of the court pronounced by Nathaniel Pinkham as Chairman of the Court is - That he be returned back to the Prison from where he was taken and from thence to the place of execution and that he be hung from the neck till he is dead."

Source: The Researcher, Vol.X (No. III), 12-18, Dr. Robert Glenn Lewis,1994

Beaufort Laid Out & Named - October 2, 1713

1713 Map of Beaufort drafted by deputy surveyor Richard Graves
Click image to enlarge and open photo viewer
The township of Beaufort was
laid out and named October 2, 1713.* After obtaining permission from the Lords Proprietors, Robert Turner, then owner of the 780-acre land patent, hired deputy surveyor Richard Graves to lay out a 100-acre town, with 106 lots for sale.

The following documentation of the establishment of the township of Beaufort is included in historian Charles L. Paul’s Colonial Beaufort: The History of a North Carolina Town, 1965. Images have been added.
 ▪ ▪ ▪
“The Indians who inhabited the Core Sound area before the white settlers arrived were of the Coree tribe. Little is definitely known about the tribe. It may be assumed that they were once a rather numerous group, but by the time of the arrival of settlers into their area, their number had been reduced by inter-tribal conflicts to the extent that John Lawson, surveyor-general of North Carolina, described them as having only twenty-five fighting men during the first decade of the eighteenth century.

“Before white settlers entered their area, the Coree had two villages. One of these was located on the north side of the Straits of Core Sound which separates Harker's Island from the mainland, a location not more than seven miles east of the present site of Beaufort nor more than eight miles north of Cape Lookout. The other village was located on the west side of Newport River, but the exact spot cannot be given. 

Hondius-Mercator Map - 1609-1610
Cwareuuock, as noted on 17th century maps, 
indicated "land of" the Cware Indians. Cware evolved 
to Coree. In 1701, Lawson referred to the tribe as  
Coranine with two villages, Coranine and Raruta.
“Farnifold Green obtained the first patent for land in the Core Sound area. The patent was granted December 20, 1707, and although Green did not live in the Core Sound area, other settlers were soon making their homes there. In 1708 John Nelson was granted a patent for 260 acres 'in Core Sound on the north side of North River,' and, from that time on, was closely connected with that immediate area.

"Francis and John Shackelford moved into the area from Essex County, Virginia, sometime after 1705. Francis became active in the affairs of the Core Sound area by 1708, as did John by 1709. Both of these men received numerous patents before 1713 but settled on the west side of North River about four miles northeast of the present site of Beaufort. Other names connected with the Core Sound settlement prior to 1713 were John Fulford, Robert Turner, James Keith, William Bartram, Peter Worden (also spelled Wordin), Thomas Blanton, Thomas Lepper, Thomas Sparrow, Lewis Johnson, Richard Graves, Christopher Dawson, Enoch Ward, Thomas Cary, and Thomas Kailoe. Some of these, notably Cary and Lepper, lived elsewhere and were only speculating in land. Fulford, Ward, and Turner, though, were definitely Core Sound residents during that period.

“Indications are that the Core Sound settlement had some importance before 1713. A notation on Christoph von Graffenried’s map of 1710 described Core Sound as being populated almost entirely by Englishmen who furnished seafood of all kinds to the settlers. In 1712 Captain Edward Adlard owned a sloop named the ‘Core Sound Merchant,’ which indicated trade in the area before that date. A third indication of the importance of the Core Sound settlement before 1713 is that in 1712 in the midst of the Tuscarora War, the General Assembly ordered a garrison stationed at Core Sound. The purpose of the garrison, so Governor Thomas Pollock declared in 1713, was ‘to guard the people there from some few of the Core Indians that lurk thereabout....’

“As soon as settlers moved into the Core Sound area, the port potential of the future site of Beaufort was recognized. December 20, 1707, Farnifold Green obtained a patent for the south end of the peninsula that extends between North River and Newport River. One month later, January 21, 1708, Peter Worden, then of Pamlico River, secured a patent for 640 acres on the west side of North River, part of which was included in Green’s patent. By October of that year, Worden recognized Green’s ownership, and on October 30, 1708, he cleared Green’s title by giving him a deed for ‘one certain Messuage or tenement of Land situate lying and being on the South side of North River, near to the Point of Land called Newport Town, with all its rights and privileges....’ In seeking to acquire the land, evidently the two men had its port potential in mind since Topsail Inlet, now known as Beaufort Inlet, penetrated the barrier of the Outer Banks just two miles south. The site was named Newport Town and the name of the river that flows by it on its west side was changed from Core River to Newport River. 

The 1711 Death of John Lawson 
Drawing was possibly created
by Christoph Von Graffenried
“Possibly the Tuscarora War of 1711-1713 delayed the establishment of a town within
Topsail Inlet. Within seven months after the power of the Tuscarora Indians had been broken in March, 1713, a town was laid out on the southwest corner of the tract of land which Farnifold Green had obtained in 1707. In the meantime, Green had sold the land to Robert Turner, a merchant of Craven Precinct. 

“Sometime prior to the fall of 1713, permission had been obtained from the Lords Proprietors to lay out a town by the name of Beaufort at this site, and on October 2, 1713, Robert Turner had Deputy Surveyor Richard Graves lay out the town. A plat was made of the town by Graves and recorded in the office of the secretary of the colony. Streets were named; allotments were provided for a church, a town-house, and a market place; and lots were offered for sale. On that date, October 2, 1713, Beaufort came into existence. Though minor alterations were made throughout the Colonial period, the main characteristics of the plan of the town never changed. 
Henry Somerset 
2nd Duke of Beaufort

"The name Beaufort came from Henry [Somerset, the 2nd] Duke of Beaufort, one of the Lords Proprietors, who in 1713 was Palatine of Carolina, the chief position among the Proprietors. Turner Street obtained its name from Robert Turner, the father of the town. Moore Street was probably named for Colonel James Moore, who seven months before had brought an end to the Indian war. Pollock Street was named for Thomas Pollock, acting Governor of the colony from 1712 to 1714. Both Queen and Ann Streets were named in honor of the then reigning monarch of England, while Orange Street honored the memory of William III of Orange who had preceded Queen Anne on the English throne. Craven Street was named in honor of William Lord Craven, another of the Lords Proprietors.

“Though the town of Beaufort was laid out in 1713 with the permission of the Lords Proprietors, it was not officially incorporated by the Colonial government until ten years later. In the meantime, on October 19, 1720, Robert Turner had sold the 780 acres, which included the town lands, to Richard Rustull for 150 pounds sterling and had moved to the Pamlico River area, which might indicate that his investment was not yielding satisfactory returns. 

“Numerous lots were sold in Beaufort immediately after it was laid out, but few of the purchasers made their homes in the town. As late as 1765 it was described as a town of not more than twelve houses. About 1765, however, settlement became more substantial, and in the next few years efforts were made to give Beaufort more of the atmosphere of a well-ordered town.

Carteret Deed Book D, page 91
* "Permission for, the date of, and the men and circumstances connected with the laying out of the town are mentioned in deeds for lots issued before the town was incorporated in 1723."

 In a deed from Robert Turner, Turner wrote, “by a platt taken & made by Richd Graves dept. surveyor, which platt being recorded in ye survey offices, do represent ye form & shape off a certain off lands lying & being in Core Sound layed out by ye sd survayer ye 2d day off October 1713 & by ye permission off ye lords proprietors intended for a township by ye name off Beaufort.” 

North Carolina's Five Oldest Towns also includes the 1723 Act of Incorporation.

Charles L. Paul earned his Assoc. of Arts degree at Chowan College, Bachelor of Arts degree at Carson-Newman College, Master of Divinity degree at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary and a graduate assistantship as well as Masters of Arts Degree at East Carolina University. He was a professor of history at Chowan University for 39 years.