for vendors and how to order
A Unique Coastal Village Preserved 
by Mary Warshaw

An authentic history of the homes, buildings, sites and families, this 200-page volume focuses on ALL (285) Beaufort's unique collection of historic homes built from the 1770s to the early 1900s. Within this account are 150 plaqued home and 135 historic homes yet to be plaqued—all presented street-by-street, with images and histories of the families who called them home.

Special pages present Beaufort's 300 year history, as well as research on the Coree Indians, Taylor's Creek, Piver's Island, Gallant's Channel, Rachel Carson Reserve, Beaufort bridges, and Beaufort architecture.
Through the study of deeds, family records and other sources, more accurate dates were discovered for many of the historic homes, including when, and by whom, the Hammock House was built; four pages are dedicated to this important discovery.

The 8-page introduction, "Fond Memories of Life in Beaufort," written by Borden Mace (1920‒2014), provides readers a special insider's look into Beaufort in the '20s and '30s.
Click Image to Book Site
▪ "Mary Warshaw's talent and fascination with all the details of Beaufort's history will make this book a 'must have' resource for the many people all over the world who know and love Beaufort." —Patricia Suggs, Executive Director Beaufort Historical Association

▪ "How exciting to have Mary unravel some of Beaufort's most intriguing mysteries! This book will be of great interest to residents, descendants and visitors." —John Hagle, President Beaufort Historical Association

▪ "In the 2011 'Preface' to the on-line edition of my Colonial Beaufort: The History of a North Carolina Town, I expressed the hope that 'some future student of Beaufort's history will strengthen its weaknesses and build on its foundations.' Mary Warshaw's new book, Historic Beaufort: A Unique Coastal Village Preserved, has made a significant contribution toward the fulfillment of that hope. The chief emphasis of her research for this book is on 'Beaufort's historic homes and families,' two areas that will greatly enhance our knowledge of the town's heretofore untold history." —Charles L. Paul, Professor Emeritus, Chowan University

Click here to BOOK SITE - for Vendors or How to Order
For signed copies, Email Mary
Mary Warshaw's first Beaufort book 

The Colors of Beaufort, North Carolina
Three Centuries of History Woven Through Art & Words 


Duncan House

Date to be determined - likely late 1800s - Click to enlarge
Image scanned from an old postcard published by Clawson's Emporium

Odd Fellows Lodge - 212 Turner Street

Contemporary Photo
1905-1910 Postcard
Plaqued 1837, this large, 3-story, 3-bay brick building, laid in Flemish bond, was originally 2 stories with a side-gable roof that has since been raised to have a flat roof with corbelled cornice and recessed paneling. The original corbelled cornice above the second story, fine Flemish bond brick walls and rubbed brick jack arches are still intact. Building has 12/12 reproduction sash with brick sills and keystone lintels, a marble plaque above the entrance depicting the three links in a chain "F, L, and T" (Friendship, Love, Truth) and smaller plaques or tiles carved with "I, O, O, F" (Independent Order of Odd Fellows) inset beneath the cornice. The front entrance has a 6 raised-panel door set within an arched opening with keystone. The first brick dwelling in Beaufort, it was built in 1837 by brick masons who built Fort Macon. It was converted to the Odd Fellows Lodge by 1880. (Wrenn File - 1997 Survey)

Golden Rule and Odd-Fellows’ Family Companion, 1848
“News from the Lodges”

Concordia Lodge No 11, Beaufort.—B.L. Perry, NG; Benj. Leecraft Jr. VG; Stephen T. Willis, S; John F. Jones, T.
    The 21st of Jan. was the anniversary of Concordia Lodge, which was celebrated in very handsome style. They had a procession and address in the earlier part of the day, and the after part and evening were spent in social hilarity, in which everybody participated. I had the pleasure of joining with them, and was delighted to find the spirit of Odd-Fellowship still in full operation among our Beaufort brethren, with their numbers increased far beyond what they had even hoped for, and still increasing.


1967 drawing of the original 1837 structure
North Carolina State University School of Design
1967 photo
Proceedings of the 64th Annual Session of the
Grand Lodge I.O.O.F. of North Carolina
held in Elizabeth City, NC
Concordia Lodge No. 11 – Beaufort, Carteret County
Day of Meeting, Tuesday.
(Instituted the 21st day of January, 1847 by Israel Disosway, G.M.)
[It was incorporated in 1848 – ratified January 27, 1849.]

M.C. Holland………………………….N.G.
M. Leslie Davis………………………..V.G.
John M. Wolfe…………………………Sec.
Thos. Gold……………………….…..Treas.

Past Grands.—Jno. M. Wolfe, Chas. L. Abernethy, A.C. Mason, Thos. Gold, W.H. Taylor, M.C. Holland
Third Degree.—I.C. Brown, Mathias Chaplin, R.E. Chaplain, M. Leslie Davis, R.H. Dowdy, Henry H. Davis, Chas. S. Davis, Cleveland Davis, Samuel H. Fulford, Mason G. Fulford, A.J. Fulcher Jr., Monroe Gillikin, Chas. V. Hill, Alonzo Hill, J.B. Hellen, C.T. Jarvis, D.M. Jones, L.V. Lewis, Edward B. Lewis, L.J. Nelson, Robt. L. Pigott, D.M. Pugh, W.P. Smith, W.T. Willis, Jas. E. Wade, Walter Yeoman, Daniel Yeoman.

 I.O.O.F. on Sanborn Maps (Old Town Lot 102)
(Near Southeast Corner of Turner and Broad Streets)

1885 – 2-story I.O.O.F
1898 – 1-story addition to back
1904 – 2 ½-story (no addition)

Johnston Photos of Fort Macon

Photos by Frances Benjamin Johnston
taken in 1936 and 1937
Library of Congress

Waterman Photos of Beaufort

Photos taken by Thomas T. Waterman in 1933
for the Historic American Buildings Survey
Library of Congress
Mace House circa 1832
"Joe House House"
now plaqued Nelson House circa 1790
more likely built in the 1st quarter of 19th century
Davis House 
houses combined circa 1769, 1813, 1836 and 1849
Langdon House circa 1764 (plaque)
likely built in the 1810s
Duncan House circa 1815

Sauthier Maps of North Carolina's 5 Oldest Towns
Governor William Tryon
Between 1768 and 1771, Claude Joseph Sauthier (1736-1802), a French surveyor and cartographer, was commissioned by royal governor William Tryon to create detailed maps of North Carolina’s chief colonial towns.

Sauthier delineated key buildings or areas-such as churches, courthouses, markets, jails, mills, tanyards (or "tann yards"), flagstaffs, schools, breweries, still houses, and some residences-by an alphabetical letter in descending order of importance, with churches usually listed as A, courthouses as B, jails as C, and so on. Major roads leading to neighboring or important distant towns were carefully marked. Geographic features such as rivers, creeks, mountains or marshes, dams, and canals were usually identified.

Buildings were indicated by small rectangles with heavy outlines on two sides-usually the right angle and the lower side. These two heavy lines have been interpreted as indicating a shadow cast by the bulk of the building, a convention used by Sauthier to illustrate mass. The idealized "formal gardens" behind many town residences also reveal this convention, suggesting a mass of green foliage rising above the surrounding paths. The homes shown on the maps were all built near the street and were typically rectangular in shape, with fields or gardens located adjacent or behind the structures. The X inscribed within the perimeter of a structure has been interpreted to mean that it was a single-story building. On the originals some buildings were shown in color highlight (red), which may indicate dwellings. (NCpedia (by Linda F. Carnes-McNaughton 2006)

 Below are Sauthier Maps of NC's 5 oldest Towns

Bath (1705), New Bern (1710), Edenton (1712), Beaufort (1713) and Wilmington (1740)

 (The Sauthier maps were created between 1768 and 1770)


Sauthier's Map of Beaufort including zoomed images

Zoom of Sauthier's Map of Beaufort NC waterfront

LEFT (west) SIDE of Sauthier's Map of Beaufort NC waterfront
RIGHT (east) SIDE of Sauthier's Map of Beaufort NC waterfront

Correspondence with Historian Charles L. Paul

In January 2011, I first emailed historian Charles L. Paul. After finding his contact information, I wanted to thank him for his important research on Beaufort, and let him know I had quoted his work extensively in compiling Porchscapes, published in 2010. At the time, I had access to two online articles (NC History Project, North Carolina Historical Review) and one article published in the 1970 North Carolina Historical Review. I also wanted him to be aware of Beaufort NC History, which I'd been compiling since 2006. Below is Mr. Paul's informative reply to my initial email. Images and links have been inserted.

Charles L. Paul  
The Chowanoka 1997
     "I am the Charles L. Paul whose articles you have referenced, and I am extremely delighted to hear from you. It is so nice to hear from someone who has read seriously some of my work, even though that work took place nearly a half century ago. 
     First of all, allow me to congratulate you on the outstanding work, both artistic and historical, you have been doing on Beaufort. Your painting of Judge Duncan's front porch is absolutely inviting. I wish you could have known him personally. His character would have enhanced your appreciation of your work. If my information is correct, [one of] the Leecraft House is the home in which my paternal great grandfather and great grandmother were married just as the Civil War was coming to a close. [Raymond Luther Paul (1842-1929) married Fannie D. Styron (1841-1921) 20 Oct 1864.]

Great Grandparents Fannie D.
Styron and Raymond L. Paul
Posted on
     I grew up 18 miles northeast of Beaufort in the village of Davis, but Beaufort was our nearest town and some of my father relatives lived and owned businesses there. In fact, they owned the Front Street property where the Mariners Museum is now located. The fishermen named Davis all moved to Beaufort from Davis Ridge, separated from my original home by a narrow strip of marsh land, following a September 15, 1933 storm which had destroyed their homes. They had been menhaden fishermen before moving to Beaufort and most of them became captains of Harvey Smith's menhaden boats after moving to Beaufort. 

     I still remember the morning after the Parkins [December 1942] sank loaded with menhaden in a winter storm off Atlantic Beach with a number of the Davis family lost and how shocked my parents were to hear the news. Though Blacks and descendants of former slaves, they were considered as members of our community and highly respected. The white midwife that brought me into this world had always made a practice of going to Davis Ridge several days before an expected delivery and live with the expectant mothers to assist them in their delivery. The respect did not end with their removal to Beaufort in 1933.

     Having taught American History at what is now Chowan University for 39 years, (1963-2002) I was well aware of Nicholas Biddle and had read that he had relatives that had lived in Beaufort, but I had no idea that it was his mother and father and that his mother was a native of Beaufort and a member of the Shepherd family. 

     I am also glad to learn more about Farnifold Green and his family. I knew he had been killed in an Indian raid, but I did not realize that Richard Graves, the man who had laid out the town of Beaufort had married Green's widow. I see that some of their descendants eventually resided in Monroe, NC. I also see where you were from Monroe. 
     I want to commend you for transcribing excerpts from Peter B. Sandbeck's work on Beaufort's African-American History and Architecture and making it available on line. I think it is a real contribution to the town's African-American community.

     You have access to three of my articles, all of which appeared in the North Carolina Historical Review between 1965 and 1970. Allow me to tell you a little about myself and explain how those articles came about. I am a native of the downeast community of Davis, NC, and I have just turned 80 years of age and am somewhat disabled.

G-Grandfather Raymond L. Paul's home in Davis Shore
Posted on
     Following graduation from Smyrna High School, I fished my father's boat for three years, before being drafted into the Marine Corps for two years during the Korean War. 
     Beginning in the fall of 1953 and using my G.I. Bill benefits, I earned an Associate of Arts Degree at Chowan College and a Bachelor of Arts degree at Carson-Newman College. Wanting to teach history at a church-related college but also wanting to search out the faith the propelled me in that direction, I earned a Master of Divinity Degree at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary on the old Wake Forest College campus at Wake Forest, NC. Then, in 1961, I began my graduate work in history at UNC Chapel Hill, but was then awarded a graduate assistantship at East Carolina University, beginning there in the fall of 1962.  

Grandfather Ammie Loren Paul
married Julia Frances Willis in 1896
Posted on

     With Beaufort being something like a home-town for me and with my awareness that no systematic study of its history had been attempted, I selected Colonial Beaufort as a thesis topic and began researching its records. In the spring of that school year, while still researching my topic and enrolled in graduate classes, my thesis director informed me that he was hosting a regional historical meeting at ECU and needed a speaker for the meeting. He asked me to write a paper based on my research up to that point and read it at the meeting. After securing his promise to read my draft and make suggestions, I consented. Some of the editorial staff of The North Carolina Historical Review were in attendance at the meeting, and several weeks later I received a letter from the editor of the review, Dr. Memory F. Mitchell, saying that if I could document all of the information in my paper to primary sources, the review would like to publish it. I assured her that I could provide the necessary documentation, but that I would have to wait until my degree was completed to get the paper with it documentation in proper format for publication. She agreed without a time limit.

     I finished my class work at the end of summer session in 1963, and by that time I had secured a teaching job at Chowan College on the condition that I would complete a Master of Arts degree. Because of my teaching load, I did not finish my research and writing until the spring of 1965; and, after receiving my degree, I prepared the paper for publication that had been written in the spring of 1963 while my research was in its early stages. That paper, with its 1963 name and format, is the 1965 article entitled "Colonial Beaufort." That is why that article has the appearance of a summary of Beaufort colonial history, but nearly all of it was incorporated into Chapter 2 of my thesis, which was entitled "Initial Settlement and the Birth of The Town."

Autumn 1970 issue
     The other two articles were simple single chapters from my thesis with a brief introduction to each that would allow them to stand alone as a meaningful unit. The 1967 article, covering Beaufort economy in the colonial era, was Chapter 5, the last chapter and the heart of the thesis explaining Beaufort's very slow growth during its colonial existence, that is, its lack of a convenient access to a large productive hinterland. The 1970 article [not online] was Chapter 3 covering Beaufort's development as a colonial town. In the 1970s I prepared for publication another article from part of Chapter 4, a chapter covering society and culture. That article was entitled "The Church in Colonial Carteret," covering both the Anglican establishment throughout the county and the Quakers, the only major dissenter group in the county during the colonial era whose two meeting houses were located along what is now Highway 101 between Beaufort and Harlowe Creek.

     I hope you can someday secure access to my thesis and read it, and if that should happen, I hope you will read the footnotes, which are conveniently located at the bottom of each page. They contain a lot on important information." 

Mr. Paul's entire 1965 thesis
Colonial Beaufort: The History of a North Carolina Town
is now available online on the Town of Beaufort website.

Born in 1930 in Davis, Carteret County, Charles Livingston Paul was the son of John Wesley Paul and Ruby Davis. He taught American History at Chowan College/University in Murfreesboro, NC, for from 1963 until 2002. Mr. Paul currently lives in Warrenton, Virginia.

After corresponding by email for four years, Mr. Paul graciously agreed to write a recommendation for the back cover of my new Beaufort book Beaufort, North Carolina - A Unique Coastal Village Preserved, released June 2015: 

"In the on-line edition of Colonial Beaufort, I expressed the hope that 'some future student of Beaufort's history will strengthen its weaknesses and build on its foundations.'  Mary Warshaw's new book has made a significant contribution toward the fulfillment of that hope. The chief emphasis of her research for this book is on "Beaufort's historic homes and families," two areas that will greatly enhance our knowledge of the town's heretofore untold history." – Charles L. Paul, Professor Emeritus, Chowan University

Beaufort Timeline

Clear Springs Plantation
Craven County-near Jasper
▪1707 - First Land Patent: The Lords Proprietors granted Farnifold Green 780 acres between Core (Newport) and North Rivers; Green continued to live north of Neuse River on "Clear Springs Plantation."

▪1708 - John & Francis Shackelford,
born in Essex County, Virginia, settled on west side of North River about 4 miles northeast of present-day Beaufort.

Lawson Captured by Indians
▪1711-1715 - Tuscarora War: The first few brave settlers, in what would become Carteret County, may have encountered a few Coranine or Coree Indians. According to descendant Al Pate, in The Coree Are Not Extinct, the Coree, about five years earlier, had already begun to roam the coast “from the New River of Onslow…into their old homeland on the Pamlico south shore of Coree Tuck.” Although the earliest settlers in the "Core Sound" - Shackelford, Nelson (1708 North River) and few others - were relatively safe in their isolation, the circumstances of the time were not conducive to more settlement. The Tuscarora, outraged over enslavement, land encroachment and the deceitful practices of the white intruders, were angered at being pushed off their land--the area of present-day New Bern. King Hancock and his braves, full of resentment and hatred, murdered Deputy Surveyor John Lawson and decided to declare war. In September of 1711, King Hancock's warriors, joined by other tribes, including the Coree, "launched an all-out attack along the Neuse and Pamlico, including the town of Bath." The unsuspecting colonists, also weak from a poor drought-caused harvest, were stunned and frightened. Farnifold Green and others made out their wills. 

1713 Plat of Beaufort Town
▪1713 - Beaufort laid out and named: With Green's patent was officially assigned to Robert Turner of Bath, on October 2, 1713, an Act of the General Assembly officially approved a town be laid out and named. Turner hired surveyor Richard Graves to lay out a 100-acre town; named for Turner's friend and Lords Proprietor Henry Somerset, the 2nd Duke of Beaufort.

▪1713 - John Shackelford and Enoch Ward purchased 7000 acres of "Sea Banks," then part of Bath County; Shackelford's portion became known as Shackleford Banks, the "el" transposed in the surname, beginning on early maps.

Queen Anne's Revenge
▪1718 - June: Black Beard's Queen Anne's Revenge grounded near Old Topsail Inlet; the pirates he had abandoned described Beaufort as a "poor little village at the upper end of the harbour."

1720 - Richard Rustull purchased the town land from Robert Turner. 

▪1722 - Lords Proprietors appointed Beaufort as a port “for the unloading and discharging Vessels.” 

▪1722 - Carteret Precinct was carved from Craven Precinct; Beaufort chosen as site of courthouse.

▪1723 - Beaufort Incorporated: Laws of North Carolina - An Act, for Incorporating the Seaport of Beaufort, In Carteret Precinct, Into a Township, by the Name of Beaufort.

Barque Louisa Bliss - Beaufort to San Francisco in 1850

Eastern Carolina Republican - New Bern, NC
In Historic Beaufort, North Carolina - A Unique Coastal Village Preserved, the account of the Busk House circa 1846 gives more information on those who ventured from Beaufort to San Francisco: 

308 Broad Street
BUSK HOUSE circa 1846 – plaqued
     Born about 1797, in 1820 sail maker James Busk first married Keziah Parks in Baltimore County, Maryland. In 1854, Busk married Sabra Harker (c.1800–c.1860), daughter of Clarissa Fulford and Ebenezer Harker. (Sabra's grandfather, Ebenezer Harker, purchased 2400-acre Craney Island in 1730; known since as Harker's Island. Ebenezer Harker's aunt, Abiah Lee Folger, was mother of Benjamin Franklin.)
     In 1859, 62-year-old James Busk married 24-year-old Lucretia A. Marshall, daughter of William P. Marshall and Tamer Simpson. On a broken tombstone in St. Paul's Episcopal Church Cemetery, 1865 is inscribed as Busk's date of death.
     It is interesting to note that James Busk was among the 1850 crew that sailed barque Louisa Bliss from Beaufort, around Cape Horn, to San Francisco with a cargo of lumber from William C. Bell & Co. (partners Thomas Duncan, M.B. Roberson, Benjamin Leecraft and B.L. Perry). Others in the adventuresome crew were locals: A.M. Fales, Brian Rumley,* S.S. Duffy, W.P. Hellen, LeRoy Piver, James Gillikin, David W. Noe, W.F. Hatsel, J.L. Manney and Charles Whitehurst.
     1997 Survey: 2-story, side-gable house with boxed eaves, interior end chimney and 2/2 sash. Hipped porch has chamfered posts with Doric capitals, traditional railing and open ceiling.

*Mentioned in the ad, Brian Hellen Rumley (1809-1853) was agent for W.C. Bell & Co. Brian, brother of James and John, was son of John Rumley and Sarah Gibble. Brian married Brancy Hatsell in Onslow County in 1832. After the California trip, he later died at 43 from yellow fever in Kingston, Jamaica and was buried there.

Hammock House was built in 1800
Oldest known photo (c.1900) of 
the Hammock House published 
1980 in Carteret News-Times
My main goal in compiling Historic Beaufort, North Carolina: A Unique Coastal Village Preserved was to present an authentic history of the town’s homes, buildings, sites and families. Among the missing pieces of the puzzle of Beaufort’s past was when and by whom the Hammock House was built—a house long assumed to be the “White House” seen on early 18th-century maps. I was determined to find the answer.

All architectural historians I consulted believe the Hammock House to be a late-18th or early-19th century house. Using this time frame, I knew Samuel Leffers owned the 25-acre “White House” property, plus adjoining acreage, from 1795 until 1811.

One morning, it occurred to me to carefully reread Leffers’ letters to his brother John in Long Island, New York, written between 1800 and 1821. In an October 19, 1800 letter Leffers wrote, “My situation at present is agreeable, my new house is calculated to my fancy and pleasantly situated, we have a fine prospect of the Sea, in front have a good garden and spring of water and are about 200 yards from the eastern most boundary of Beaufort town."

Leffer's new house appears to have been built about 300 yards east of the White House, which was 100 yards west of the town boundary, the boundary having also been described as "100 yards to the eastward of the hammock that Thomas Austin formerly lived on." (The "White House" was located between Fulford and Gordon Streets.)

On March 11, 1811, Leffers sold his 45-acre property, including the 1800 "Hammock House," to Henry Marchant Cooke for $1300 (Deed Book P, page 320). On April 16, 1811, Samuel wrote his brother, "…as Mr. Cooke is an intimate acquaintance of mine and has an agreeable wife and but one child and I am particularly attached to the pleasant situation which I have enjoyed for 10 years past I have agreed to continue as a boarder with Mr. Cooke..."

Henry Marchant Cooke and his wife, Frances Barry Buxton, were married in New Bern in 1809. Their first child was born in New Bern. Eight of their remaining thirteen children were born in the Hammock House; four were born (1820 to 1826) at 207 Front Street in the old Benjamin Leecraft Perry House before they moved back to the Hammock House. In 1831, after owning the Hammock House for twenty years, Cooke sold the property, at a loss, to Leggett, Fox & Company of New York City. 

So…the pieces of the puzzle fell together—architectural style, time frame, owner of the property, Leffers’ letter, and the chain of custody—the letter being the clincher.

Four pages of research are included in Historic Beaufort, North Carolina: A Unique Coastal Village Preserved—presenting the White House and Hammock House as two separate structures.

Mary Warshaw

1800 Hammock House - Warshaw painting

Caleb Bradham's mother-in-law was born in Beaufort.

1827 Hatsell House
Pepsi-Cola's Caleb Bradham
(NC Museum of History)
In March of 1838, Mary Elizabeth Hatsell was born in Beaufort in the 1827 Hatsell House at 117 Orange Street, to Andrew Lee Hatchell and Charity Fuller. On December 15, 1869, Mary Elizabeth married Bryan Griffin Credle. In 1901, their daughter Sarah Charity Credle married Caleb Davis Bradham - the New Bern pharmacist who concocted "Pepsi-Cola." On June 16, 1903, the U.S. Patent Office registered the "Pepsi-Cola" trademark.

When Charity and Caleb Bradham married, Caleb gave his father-in-law, Bryan Griffin Credle, one share of "Pepsi-Cola" stock. Charity and Caleb's daughter, Mary McCann Bradham, was pictured in a photo ad when she was about four years old - making her the first and youngest "Pepsi Girl". Charity and Caleb Bradham had two other children - Caleb Darnell Bradham, born in 1905 and George Washington Bradham, born in 1907. About 1925, Mary McCann Bradham married William Dossey Pruden Sr.


Front Street looking west shows the boardwalk & Custom House flag
(Before the turn of the century, the Custom House was relocated 
from 115 Front Street to the east corner of Front and Craven Streets.)
Circa 1898-1900 photo courtesy Beaufort Historical Association

ATLANTIC HOUSE HOTEL circa 1851-1879
ATLANTIC HOUSE: For 28 years, until the violent hurricane of 1879, the Atlantic Hotel or Atlantic House, was a significant part of the Beaufort waterfront. Gray’s 1880 New Map of Beaufort, shows the "Atlantic Hotel Lot" on the waterfront between Pollock and Marsh Streets. 
     In her 1991 book, The Atlantic Hotel, Virginia Pou Doughton wrote of Josiah Pender building the hotel in 1859…”the structure was three stories high, with triple porches and numerous windows to catch the breeze. It was a light framework covered with squares of planking to resemble stucco and was supported on pilings out over the water.” 
     However, an account on Josiah Solomon Pender, in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography: Vol. 5, P-S, stated, “In 1856 he bought his favorite oceanfront hotel, the Atlantic House, which had been erected in 1851, had served as the Hammond Military Hospital (1862‒65), and was destroyed by a hurricane in 1879. [Before it was destroyed] it was connected with the mainland by a good bridge.” It is likely that this early bridge/boardwalk was rebuilt after the 1879 hurricane.

GRAY’S 1880 MAP shows the boardwalk starting between Craven and Queen Streets – extending to Pollock Street. The Atlantic Hotel LOT was on the waterfront between Pollock and Marsh Streets. By the 1913 Sanborn Map, Front Street had been extended to Queen Street. 

Postcards below - circa 1908-1911
"White House," circa 1844, sits on the west side of the Inlet Inn, 
the house moved to this location before 1913.
View from the front porch of the Inlet Inn - inset on an Inlet Inn postcard

THE OLD INLET INN: The earliest part of what became the first Inlet Inn was built in the 1850s as a private residence. Noted on Gray's 1880 Map as "Sea Side House,” proprietor Charles W. Lowenberg sold to the Morris family in the early 1900s.  It was known as "Morris House" until Carrie Dill Norcom operated it as a boarding house named "Norcom House." Purchased by Congressman Charles Abernathy in 1911, the house was greatly expanded and named the "New Inlet Inn." 

There was a ballroom on the second floor. Fresh water was pumped by windmills. The beach and boardwalk of the 1911 Inlet Inn disappeared as a result of the dredging of Taylor's Creek and the extension of Front Street. In 1967, before preservation guidelines were in place, most of the inn was torn down for construction of the BB&T Bank building just east of the current 1985 Inlet Inn. One wing of the original Inlet Inn was salvaged and is now a private residence.
Postcard courtesy Linda Sadler