African-Americans in Beaufort - 1995 Study

Excerpts from Beaufort's African-American History and Architecture by Peter B. Sandbeck, Historic Preservation Consultant. The project was done in 1995 for The Beaufort Historic Preservation Commission and was funded by the Town of Beaufort with a matching grant from the National Park Service, through the NC Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History.

Images included on this page were not part of the study; sources included with each image.

Woodcutter "Lorse" Anderson Beaufort: An Album of Memories by Jack Dudley Duke University Archives


INTRODUCTION: From 1800 to 1990, Beaufort’s black residents have numbered at least twenty-five percent of the total population, with that number rising to as much as fifty percent during and immediately after the Civil War. Despite such large numbers, the African-American society of this historic coastal port town has remained largely unknown and undocumented. Few of the thousands of tourists who visit the town’s historic waterfront every year are aware that blacks have been a vital part of Beaufort’s maritime culture since the eighteenth century. In its traditional location north of busy highway US 70 or Cedar Street, the black neighborhood remains separated from Beaufort’s older historic district and is very much a town within a town, a community with an important history. Much more...